A Guide To Writing A Synthesis Essay 

March 19, 2023
By AdmissionSight

A Guide To Writing A Synthesis Essay

What is a synthesis essay?

What is a synthesis essay? A synthesis essay is a type of academic writing that combines information from multiple sources in order to create a unique perspective on a particular topic. A synthesis essay uses the information gathered from different sources to create an original argument or perspective on the topic.

Students in high school or college frequently compose synthesis essays, and the format of these essays often resembles that of the traditional five-paragraph essay. The questions or theses that govern a synthesis essay may be founded on the author’s subjective perspective. Still, in order to defend their argument, synthesis essays make an effort to use objective facts and data from other sources.

Types of synthesis essays

The two main types of synthesis essays are explanatory synthesis essays and argumentative synthesis essays.

Explanatory synthesis essay

In this type of synthesis essay, the writer’s primary goal is to explain a topic or issue by combining information from multiple sources. The writer does not take a position on the topic but rather presents the information objectively and provides a clear understanding of the topic.

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An explanatory synthesis essay often includes an introduction, body paragraphs that present information from the sources, and a conclusion that summarizes the information presented.

Argumentative synthesis essay

In an argumentative synthesis essay, the writer’s main goal is to make a claim or argument about a topic and support it with evidence from multiple sources. The writer takes a position on the topic and uses the information from the sources to persuade the reader to agree with their argument.

An argumentative synthesis essay often includes an introduction with a thesis statement, body paragraphs that present evidence to support the argument, and a conclusion that restates the thesis statement and summarizes the main points of the essay.

Synthesis essay structure

The structure of a synthesis essay is similar to other types of essays, but there are some key differences to keep in mind. Below, we will go over the basic structure of a synthesis essay and provide some tips for writing a successful one.


The introduction of a synthesis essay should grab the reader’s attention and provide some background information on the topic. It should also include a thesis statement that presents the writer’s position on the topic. The thesis statement should be clear and concise and indicate the main points that will be discussed in the body paragraphs.

Body paragraphs

The body paragraphs of a synthesis essay should provide evidence from the sources that support the thesis statement. Each paragraph should focus on a specific point, and the writer should use transitions to connect the paragraphs and create a smooth flow of information.

It is essential to not simply summarize the information from the sources but to analyze and synthesize it. This means the writer should draw connections between the sources and demonstrate how they support the thesis statement.


In an argumentative synthesis essay, it is important to address potential counterarguments. This shows that the writer has considered other perspectives on the topic, which strengthens their argument. Counterarguments should be addressed in a separate paragraph or woven into the body paragraphs.


The conclusion of such essay should restate the thesis statement and summarize the main points of the essay. It is also a good idea to provide some final thoughts on the topic and emphasize the importance of the writer’s position. The conclusion should leave the reader with a clear understanding of the writer’s perspective on the topic.


You will be required to include a source list at the end of your paper in order to appropriately credit your research sources. The guidelines for the writing style that you are working with—whether it be APA, MLA, AP, or the Chicago Manual of Style—will dictate whether or not you should include this list. At the very conclusion of your essay, you will see a list of in-text citations, which usually takes up between one and two pages.

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Tips for writing a successful this type of essay:

  • Read the sources carefully and take notes on important information
  • Focus on the connections between the sources and your thesis statement
  • Use transitions to create a smooth flow of information
  • Provide evidence to support your claims
  • Address potential counterarguments
  • Edit and proofread your essay carefully

How to write a synthesis essay?

How to write a synthesis essay? Writing a synthesis essay can be challenging, but it can be a rewarding experience with the right approach. Here are some steps to follow when writing a synthesis essay:

Choose a topic: Select a topic that is broad enough to find multiple sources but narrow enough to be manageable. It’s also important to choose a topic that you’re interested in or passionate about, as this will make the research and writing process more enjoyable.

Research: Conduct research and gather sources that relate to your topic. Look for sources from a variety of mediums, such as books, articles, and websites. It’s important to critically evaluate your references to ensure they’re reliable and relevant to your topic.

Develop a thesis statement: After analyzing your sources, develop a thesis statement that presents your argument or viewpoint. This thesis statement should be clear and concise and should guide the rest of your essay.

Organize your essay: Outline your essay by organizing your sources and ideas. Determine which sources will support each section of your essay and arrange them in a logical order.

Write your introduction: In your introduction, provide background information on your topic, introduce your thesis statement, and explain why your argument is important.

Write your body paragraphs: Use each body paragraph to present evidence from your sources that supports your thesis statement. It’s important to synthesize the information from your sources and provide your own analysis and commentary on how the sources support your argument.

Address counterarguments: Anticipate and address potential counterarguments to your thesis statement. This strengthens your argument and demonstrates that you’ve thoroughly researched your topic.

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Write your conclusion: In your conclusion, restate your thesis statement and summarize your main points. You can also offer recommendations or suggest areas for further research.

Edit and proofread: Finally, edit and proofread your essay to ensure it’s well-written and free of errors. Make sure your essay flows smoothly and is easy to read.

In conclusion, a synthesis essay is a unique form of academic writing that requires a writer to combine information from multiple sources to create a new perspective on a particular topic. It is essential to critically evaluate and synthesize the information from different sources while presenting a clear and concise argument.

The structure of a synthesis essay should follow the traditional essay structure, including an introduction, body paragraphs, counterarguments, and a conclusion.

By following the steps outlined in this guide, a writer can successfully write a synthesis essay that is well-researched, informative, and persuasive. A synthesis essay can be challenging, but with careful planning, research, and writing, it can be a rewarding and valuable experience for any writer.

Having all the necessary information is important before choosing any course of action. AdmissionSight is always here to assist you with any questions or concerns. We have more than ten years of expertise assisting students in successfully navigating the challenging admissions process.

Consult with AdmissionSight and find out what we can do to help you get into the school of your choice by ensuring that you are sufficiently aware and well-prepared for the application process.


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